The "SWASTIKA", than from the Sanskrit means "health bringer", is simply one hooked cross. It is an equilateral cross with its arms bent at right angles, in either left-facing or right-facing direction.
Swastika and People
The swastika is a universally know symbol and it is much
ancient. There are traces of it in Asia, in Mongolia, in India and
also in the Middle America.
The swastika makes its appearance in many cultures of the ancient and of the new world; the Celtics, the ancient Greeks, the Etruscans, the Egyptians, the Mesopotamics and the Aztecs knew it.
Near the Elam (in the prehistoric period), Babylon and in Indo Valley for the prearian culture of Mohenjo-Dara (year 2000 a.c.), the hooked cross was seen like a religious symbol and a luckysurrounded by an immense magical aura. In India, for example, the religious meant was linked to the astronomical symbolism: with the hooks oriented toward right, emblem of the Sun, while of ruinous anger in the opposite side.
In Middle East, in Mycenae and in Greece some swastikas was foundon statues of women, and around Artemis, lady of life, therefore to make think to a meant of fertility and life.
The arms of the cross towards the inside allude to a direction of movement in rotary sense. Due to its wheel-shape it can suggest the idea of the return of the seasons that compose the solar year. Moreover it can spin towards right or left in reference to the folding of its hooks. In remote China, wan-tsu, it is seen like symbol of the quadruples guideline that follows the four cardinal points.
After 700 d.C. it assumed the meant of the number "ten-thousand" and therefore of the infinite.
In the indobuddhist area the swastika was considered as a seal and it is often found impressed on the heart of Buddha, as also in Tibet, it has the value of luchy and talisman.
In the Indian religion of the Jianism the four arms of this cross represent the plans of existence: world of the Gods, world of the man, animal world, infero world.
The swastika is also called "GAMMATA CRUX" as its hooks remember the quadruplicating of the letter G (gamma) of the Greek alphabet.
In the southern area the "hooks" are occasionally towards the inside or also broken; in the German one, Thor's hammer is represented under the gammata cross shape.
The swastika, even with more difficulty, is known also in the cultures of the pre-Columbian America.
Nowaday is not possible to assert with certainty where, and for the work of which people, the swastika has appeared for the first time. Some hypothesis says that the Babylonian was the first ones, some other say that it happened before.. For sure that the gammata cross was never so famous as well as a political coat of arms.
The Swastika like political coat of arms
Its importance goes back to the romantic exaltation of the gemanism that
it made its appearance between the two centuries. Before, in 1910, it
was adopted like sign of arianity from anti-semitic groups.
Then the "hooked cross" dextrorotatory appeared in 1919 like
heraldic symbol of the Thule-Geselschaft and, according to the baron
Glauer Von Sebottendorff (the creator of the Thule), it indicated
the ascending distance of the sun from the solstice of
winter to the one of the summer.
In the 1919 Friederich Krohn, pertaining to the Thule, proposed a gammata cross levorotatory but he had no success at all.
In the end, the swastika was adopted from Hitler like symbol, before the nationalsocialist party, and later on, from 1933 to 1945, placed under the imperial eagle it became the emblem of the Third Reich.
The swastika with the arms revolts on the left is due to the erroneous conviction of the Indo-European and Arian origin of the symbol.
Hitler chose the swastika like the symbol of the national socialist party
first, and then of the Third Reich, because he knew of its ancient
origins and was fascinated from the mystery and the magical aura that
encircled it. Probably Hitler met the ancient symbol when he was
still a child and he lived in Austria. In the small village of Lambach,
where Hitler lived, there were some hooked crosses on the door
of the monastery; and the gammata cross returned also in the personal
coat of arms of Hang Abbot.
The extended vision of the swastika he had when he was a child was not certainly the only reason that pushed Hitler to adopt it like emblem of the "Nation".
The dictator was ;a studious and had esoteric acquaintances, these made him believed that the Arians were advanced as a kind of "semi-Gods" and he was thinking that his people had to reconquer the lost superiority in any way.
His ideas lead him to think that the Hebrew was enemies in how much as they was a people who did not use the swastika, that it was inheritance of the Airs that from there had diffused its cult everywhere.
"The swastika was the Sun and the Hebrew were people devoted to the moon, therefore they was enemy of the symbol and of the Arians".
The esoteric was studied by Hitler with the attempt to develop ;a "mystic-political" society; an example of these attentions can be observed the official colours of the Nazi flag: black, red and white, sacred colours in alchemy.
But all the National Socialism was linked to the esoteric mystic, with the great use of the symbols, with the swastika like main emblem, this was just to confirm it.
As Hitler said, the swastika, since the presentation to the Germanic people, had a very large success. The flag with the hooked cross made its debut in 1920 and it became immediately the pride of the dictator and his collaborators.
In a short time the swastika rose to the bell towers of the German cathedral, and it took place on the sides of the altars; very quick it entered in the heart of people, becoming the symbol of its victories and its defeats.